Carl Gustav and Emma Jung-Rauschenbach

C.G. Jung (1875-1961) got to know his future wife as a young student at the age of 21. He met her for the first time on a visit to her parents’ house in Schaffhausen in 1896. Emma Rauschenbach (1882-1955) was only 14 at the time but she left such a deep impression on Jung that he was convinced that he would marry her one day, and, six years after meeting her for the first time, Carl Gustav, now a young trained medical doctor, proposed to Emma. They got married on 14 February 1903 after which the young couple moved into a small flat on the premises of the psychiatric hospital Burghölzli in Zurich where Jung was working. Their first daughter, Agathe, was born in 1904, followed in short succession by the couple’s other children, Gret, Franz, Marianne and Helene.

After the early death of his father, the pastor Paul A. Jung-Preiswerk, young Carl Gustav, then twenty-one years of age, had to support his mother Emilie and his younger sister Gertrud. Unlike her husband, Emma came from a wealthy family of manufacturers. An inheritance bequeathed to her by her father Johannes Rauschenbach-Schenk enabled Carl Gustav and Emma to start thinking about a new home for the family. The couple purchased a plot of land on the Lake of Zurich and built a house there in 1908, according to C.G. Jung’s conceptions. In 1905 Jung attained his postdoctoral qualification, quitting his job as clinical psychiatrist when the family moved to their new residence in Küsnacht. From then on Jung treated private patients at home. At the same time he applied himself to his own research work and developed the school of Analytical Psychology. Emma actively supported her husband in his work. In 1910 she began analysing her dreams with him and soon became involved in research herself; from 1930 onward she worked as an independent analyst.

C.G. Jung was an exceptionally original, lively and intuitive researcher, with his wife Emma, a woman of great wisdom and maturity, by his side throughout. Without the warm and supportive companionship of Emma, C.G. Jung’s life and work would probably have taken a different turn.